The Lastest Macroeconomic News

30.12.2012 20:01 The World Bank raised its 2013 economic growth forecast for China

The World Bank raised its 2013 economic growth forecast for China, citing the government`s fiscal stimulus plans and faster approval of large investment projects. China`s growth is projected to recover in 2013 to 8.4 percent due to the combination of monetary easing, local government fiscal stimulus, accelerated approval of investment projects and an upswing in the business cycle, the World Bank said in its East Asia and Pacific Economic Update published Wednesday. The bank also forecast that growth will reach 7.9 percent for 2012, significantly down from 9.3 percent in 2011. This was caused mainly by a slowdown in domestic demand following policy tightening to cool an overheating housing sector, and weaker external demand from high-income economies. The World Bank`s latest forecast for 2013 is higher than its earlier projection of 8.1 percent in a report released in October, but is slightly lower than the estimate made last week by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, a top government think tank, which forecast that GDP would grow by 8.5 percent next year, fuelled by government investment in infrastructure projects.

22.12.2012 14:18 U.K.`s gross domestic product rose less-than-expected in the last quarter

U.K.`s gross domestic product rose less-than-expected in the last quarter, official data showed. In a report, the U.K. Office for National Statistics said that GDP rose to 0.9%, from 1.0% in the preceding quarter. Analysts had expected U.K.`s gross domestic product to rise 1.0% in the last quarter. The Office for National Statistics said that the reduction in the rate of growth for the UK`s gross domestic product was caused by lower, revised estimates of output by the services industry and production industries including manufacturing. Construction activity was revised slightly higher. Despite the revision, the third quarter was the UK economy`s best performance since the second quarter of 2010, when GDP also rose 0.9%. Third-quarter growth also brought an end to a shallow nine-month recession, Britain`s second downturn since the banking crisis in 2008.

22.12.2012 13:57 US gross domestic product expanded at an annual rate of 3.1% from July through September

U.S. economy expanded at an even faster pace than previously estimated in the third quarter, but the gains could be an outlier for the year as fiscal cliff worries and superstorm Sandy will likely slow growth in the final months of 2012. The nation`s gross domestic product--the broadest measure of goods and services produced in the U.S.--expanded at an annual rate of 3.1% from July through September, the Commerce Department said. The figure was revised up from last month`s estimate of 2.7% growth. Economists surveyed by Dow Jones Newswires had forecast a 2.8% growth rate. The latest reading "has not greatly changed the general picture of the economy for the third quarter," the Commerce Department said. Consumer spending is now showing a modest pick up and imports a downturn. New data shows consumer spending advanced at a 1.6% rate during the quarter compared with the prior estimate of 1.4%, largely due increased healthcare outlays. Likewise, imports, which subtract from GDP gains, are now seen as falling 0.6% during the third quarter, compared with last month`s 0.1% gain. Lower oil prices contributed to the change. The latest data show that economic growth accelerated from the second quarter`s 1.3% rate. Still, the biggest boost to third-quarter expansion came from factors that may be short-lived--significant upturns in private inventory investment and federal government spending. The change in private inventories contributed 0.73 of a percentage point to growth, but the boost could be an impediment in the fourth quarter because excess stockpiles may cause businesses to slow production. Real final sales--GDP less changes in private inventories--increased a more modest 2.4% in the third quarter. Federal government spending, which jumped 9.5% in the third quarter after contracting each of the prior four periods, is unlikely to continue to grow at that pace as Washington prepares for deep spending cuts next year.

12.12.2012 13:31 Russia`s GDP expanded 2.9 percent in the third quarter compared with a year earlier

Russia`s economy grew at the slowest pace since it began recovering at the start of 2010 last quarter as agricultural output and construction volumes shrank. Gross domestic product expanded 2.9 percent in the third quarter compared with a year earlier, the Federal Statistics Service in Moscow said in an e-mailed statement. That was in line with the initial Nov. 12 estimate, which topped economist forecasts. GDP expanded 4 percent in the second quarter and 4.9 percent in the first three months. The economy was hit by drought and by weaker demand from western Europe and China for metals and energy exports. With consumer spending slowing too, an early rebound is unlikely. The July-September growth rate was significantly lower than the figures recorded for the last two quarters: 4 per cent for April-June and 4.9 per cent for January-March. Economists now expect around 3.8 per cent for 2012 and 3.5 per cent for next year.

06.12.2012 21:18 ECB slashes 2013 growth forecasts, sees 1.2% in 2014

The European Central Bank slashed its forecasts for the euro zone economy on Thursday, showing a contraction next year was very likely before a return to growth in 2014. The ECB cut its estimate of gross domestic product (GDP) for next year to between a fall of 0.9 per cent and growth of just 0.3 per cent. The bank also cut its forecast marginally for 2012, giving a midpoint of -0.5 per cent compared to -0.4 per cent three months ago. It had previously forecast -0.4 per cent to 1.4 per cent for 2013, suggesting the economy was more likely to grow than contract. "Economic weakness in the euro zone is expected to extend into next year," Draghi said. "A gradual recovery should start later in 2013." In their first forecasts for 2014, ECB staff forecast GDP growth of 0.2 to 2.2 per cent. The December macroeconomic projections also lowered forecasts for inflation next year to between 1.1 and 2.1 per cent from a previous forecast of 1.3-2.5 per cent.

03.12.2012 19:54 Chinese manufacturing returned to growth in November for the first time in over a year

Chinese manufacturing returned to growth in November for the first time in over a year and the deep downturn in euro zone factories eased slightly, according to business surveys on Monday. Monday`s purchasing managers indexes (PMIs) suggested China, whose economy has misfired this year, is regaining its vigour going into 2013. If sustained, it could prove vital for the world economy next year since a meaningful recovery in Europe still looks a long way off. Monday`s final reading of HSBC`s China manufacturing PMI rose to 50.5 in November from 49.5 in October, the first time since October 2011 the headline number has topped the 50-point growth threshold. While the decline among the euro zone`s embattled factories eased to an eight-month low in November, the latest PMIs showed the economy is on course for its worst quarter since the depths of early 2009. Markit`s Eurozone manufacturing PMI rose to 46.2 in November from October`s 45.4, though it stayed below the 50 mark dividing growth from contraction for the 16th straight month. There was little sign of an imminent turnaround, however, with the data merely showing factory activity, new orders and output declining at a slower rate. The big emerging economies that have contributed most to global growth in recent years have been sputtering of late, with India expected to post its weakest full-year GDP expansion in a decade and Brazil logging an unexpectedly weak third quarter. That has left investors once again hoping China will take up the slack, after seven straight quarters of slowing growth. British manufacturing activity shrank less than expected in November, but the sector remained fragile as orders edged down, a survey found on Monday. In the United States, the Institute of Supply Management (ISM) index of national factory activity, one of two PMI surveys due on Monday, declined to 49.5 for November, below the 50-line, from 51.7 in October. The most pressing threat to the U.S. economy remains a series of automatic budget cuts and tax hikes due at the end of the year that could plunge the country back into recession, unless opposing politicians can come to a deal to avert it. As of the weekend, neither side has been willing to yield. Aside from China, the outlook for other major Asian economies looks uncertain. Monetary easing by the big developed world central banks has been blamed for pushing up the currencies of countries such as Korea and Taiwan, hampering their export-led recoveries. South Korea`s HSBC/Markit PMI edged up in November, but was still below the key 50-mark for the sixth month in succession. Taiwan`s PMI reading has also been below 50 for six successive months, with the headline number deteriorating to 47.4 in November from 47.8 in October on weakening demand at home and abroad. India`s factory activity has been expanding for over three-and-a-half years, although it remains well below the expansion rate seen in the years before the global financial crisis.

27.11.2012 19:31 OECD sees 2013 global growth of 2.9 pct, down from 3.4 pct

The OECD slashed its global growth forecasts on Tuesday, warning that the debt crisis in the recession-hit euro zone is the greatest threat to the world economy. In light of the dire economic outlook, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development urged central banks to prepare for more exceptional monetary easing if politicians fail to come up with credible answers to the debt crisis. The Paris-based think-tank forecast in its twice-yearly Economic Outlook that the global economy would grow 2.9 percent this year before expanding 3.4 percent in 2013. The estimate marked a sharp downgrade since the OECD last estimated a rate in May of 3.4 percent for this year and 4.2 percent in 2013. GDP growth across the 34 rich nations of the OECD is projected to match this year`s 1.4% in 2013, before gathering momentum to 2.3% for 2014, according to the forecasts. The euro zone is facing two years of economic contraction, while the United States risks a recession if lawmakers there fail to agree a deal to avoid a combination of tax hikes and budget cuts that will otherwise go into effect next year. Providing the deadlock in Washington is overcome, the world`s biggest economy will grow 2.0 percent next year, the OECD estimated, cutting its forecast from 2.6 percent in May. "The U.S. fiscal cliff is a very important source of concern, but the greatest downside risk remains the euro zone," OECD chief economist Pier Carlo Padoan told Reuters in an interview. "The reason for that is not only recession, but also the fact that different negative policy (feedback) loops between sovereign debt, the banking situation and exit risks remain. So the overall zone remains in a state of fragility." Cutting its estimates, the OECD forecast that the euro zone economy would contract 0.4 percent this year and another 0.1 percent next year, only returning to growth in 2014 with a rate of 1.3 percent. The OECD warned that diverging financing conditions within the European monetary union threaten to pull it apart if policymakers fail to get a grip on the debt crisis. "The euro area, which is witnessing significant fragmentation pressures, could be in danger," Padoan wrote in a foreword to the outlook, urging politicians to overcome deadlock over a single European Central Bank-led bank supervisor. Given the weakness of the global economic outlook, the OECD warned governments against being too zealous in their belt-tightening efforts and recommended that Germany and China even pursue temporary stimulus spending to revive growth.

16.11.2012 13:39 GDP down by 0.1% in the euro area and up by 0.1% in the EU27 in the third quarter of 2012

GDP fell by 0.1% in the euro area (EA17) and increased by 0.1% in the EU27 during the third quarter of 2012, compared with the previous quarter, according to flash estimates published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In the second quarter of 2012, growth rates were -0.2% in both zones. Compared with the same quarter of the previous year, seasonally adjusted GDP fell by 0.6% in the euro area and by 0.4% in the EU27 in the third quarter of 2012, after -0.4% and -0.3% respectively in the previous quarter. In September 2012 compared with August 2012, seasonally adjusted industrial production fell by 2.5% in the euro area (EA17) and by 2.3% in the EU27, according to estimates released by Eurostat. In August3 production increased by 0.9% and 0.5% respectively. In September 2012 compared with September 2011, industrial production dropped by 2.3% in the euro area and by 2.7% in the EU27. In September 2012 compared with August 2012, production of durable consumer goods fell by 4.3% in the euro area and by 3.7% in the EU27. Capital goods decreased by 3.0% and 2.6% respectively. Non-durable consumer goods declined by 2.8% in the euro area and by 2.1% in the EU27. Intermediate goods dropped by 2.0% and 1.7% respectively. Production of energy fell by 1.8% in the euro area and by 2.6% in the EU27. Among the Member States for which data are available, industrial production fell in eighteen, rose in four and remained stable in the Netherlands. The largest decreases were registered in Ireland (-12.6%), Portugal (-12.0%), Greece (-4.4%), Sweden (-3.4%), Spain and Latvia (both -2.8%) and France (-2.7%), and the highest increases in Estonia (+2.0%) and Slovakia (+1.4%). In September 2012 compared with September 2011, production of intermediate goods fell by 4.0% in the euro area and by 4.1% in the EU27. Non-durable consumer goods dropped by 2.3% and 1.8% respectively. Production of energy declined by 1.6% in the euro area and by 2.8% in the EU27. Durable consumer goods decreased by 1.2% and 3.0% respectively. Capital goods fell by 0.8% in the euro area and by 1.2% in the EU27. Among the Member States for which data are available, industrial production fell in seventeen and rose in six. The largest decreases were registered in Ireland (-12.8%), Portugal (-8.8%), Greece (-7.5%), Spain (-7.0%) and Italy (-4.8%), and the highest increases in Slovakia (+13.0%), Estonia (+8.3%) and Lithuania (+8.0%).

12.11.2012 18:09 Russia`s gross domestic product slowed to 2.9% in the third quarter of 2012

Russia`s gross domestic product slowed to 2.9% in the third quarter from 4.8% in the same period a year ago, preliminary data from the Federal Statistics Service showed. That exceeded a 2.8 percent median forecast of 15 economists in a Bloomberg survey, which was also the level of growth estimated by the Economy Ministry last month. The economy ministry had earlier predicted that GDP would grow 2.7% in the third quarter and 2.9% in the fourth quarter after the economy grew by 4% in the second quarter. The Bank of Russia expects the economy to grow by 3.5%-4.0% in 2012, while the economy ministry`s forecasts stands at 3.5%. In 2011, Russia`s GDP grew by 4.3%. The weakening economy presents a challenge to President Vladimir Putin, who returned in May for a third term in the Kremlin promising to create 25 million new jobs and boost investment. Droughts ravaged crops across southern and central Russia this year, while slowing growth in China and a slump in Europe curbed demand for shipments of oil, gas and metals.

10.11.2012 12:47 China, India GDPs to Exceed Entire OECD by 2060

The combined economic output of China and India will exceed that of the entire OECD bloc (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) by 2060, the group said in a report published on Friday. China, currently the world`s second biggest economy, is forecast to grow at an average pace of 6.6 percent from now till 2030, and 2.3 percent from 2030 to 2060. The projections for India, the 10th largest, are 6.7 percent and 4 percent, respectively, the OECD said. In comparison, the 34 OECD nations are projected to grow an average of 2.3 percent per year from now till 2030 and 1.7 percent from 2030 to 2060. The faster growth rates of China and India imply that their combined GDP (gross domestic product) will exceed that of the major seven (G7) OECD economies by around 2025, the group said in the report. Strikingly, the combined GDP of these two countries will be larger than that of the entire OECD area, based on today`s membership, in 2060, while it currently amounts to only one-third of it. Because of this faster economic growth, the two Asian giants will see their per capita income increase more than 7-fold, providing a big lift for the living standards of the average Chinese and Indian, the bloc added. This will be more pronounced in China because of the strong productivity growth and high capital investment compared to India, it added.

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