The Lastest Macroeconomic News
14.10.2016 10:36 Global debt reached 225% of world GDP
The IMF said about two thirds of the 2015 total, or about US$100 trillion, is owed by private sector borrowers, and noted that rapid increases in private debt often lead to financial crises. While debt profiles vary by country, the report said that the sheer size of the debt could set the stage for an unprecedented private deleveraging that could thwart a still-fragile economic recovery. “Excessive private debt is a major headwind against the global recovery and a risk to financial stability,” IMF Fiscal Affairs Director Vitor Gaspar told a news conference. “Financial recessions are longer and deeper than normal recessions.” While the United States has de-leveraged since the 2008-2009 financial crisis, the report cited the buildup of private debt in China and Brazil as a significant concern, fueled in part by a long era of low interest rates.
12.10.2016 09:51 Why Is The IMF So Obsessed About Growth?
How do you know when you are obsessed about something? The dictionary definition states you have an idea or thought that is constantly on your mind. At its annual meetings last week, the International Monetary Fund [IMF] showed it is absolutely obsessed with economic growth. At the presentation of the World Economic Outlook and its prediction for global growth, the word "growth" occurred 37 times, more than any other. Add another 22 occurrences at the press conference of managing director Christine Lagarde and 16 at a conference regarding financial stability and you can safely say the institution is obsessed with growth. "My hope at the end of the Annual Meetings is that each Finance Minister, each Governor of the Central Bank, will go back home thinking what can I do in order to propel that growth, which is currently too low for too long, benefiting too few," Mrs. Lagarde said at a conference on Oct. 6.
10.10.2016 11:48 Germany raises 2016 growth forecast for Europe`s biggest economy
The German economy will grow slightly faster than expected this year due to state spending on migrants and soaring private consumption, the Economy Minister said on Friday, and he called for more public investment in schools and roads. Sigmar Gabriel also warned Chancellor Angela Merkel`s conservatives against limiting the state`s spending ability by promising "gigantic tax cuts" ahead of next year`s election. "The level of investment is always a yardstick for how firmly a country believes in its future and how it is willing to tackle this," said Gabriel, head of the Social Democrats, junior partner in Merkel`s coalition government. "It`s clear that we need significantly more investment in education and schools," he said, adding that more roads needed to be modernised and Internet connections had to become faster. The government lifted its 2016 growth forecast for Europe`s biggest economy to 1.8 percent from 1.7 percent previously, which would be the strongest growth in half a decade.
08.10.2016 18:15 Risk of Deglobalization Hangs Over World Economy
One of the biggest puzzles in the global economy right now is the slowdown in trade. Since 2012, global trade has been growing at just 3% a year, less than half the rate in the previous three decades. Between 1985 and 2003, it grew twice as fast as global gross domestic product; in the last four years, trade has barely managed to keep pace, according to the International Monetary Fund. What`s more, this slowdown has been across the board, affecting both developed countries and emerging economies, trade in services as well as goods. The World Trade Organization is now forecasting that world trade will grow by just 1.7% this year, making this the first year in 15 years it has grown more slowly than the world economy. This slowdown is worrying because of what it may augur for the long-term health of the global economy. The globalization of recent decades has been a major driver of rising living standards across the world. Citizens of developed countries benefited from falling prices while those in emerging economies benefited from better paid jobs.
06.10.2016 13:35 Oil-rich Russia taps into reserve funds
While forecasting an economic recovery soon, the Russian government draws from its reserve funds to cover a budget gap. For the third time this year, the Russian Finance Ministry said it pulled money out of its reserve funds in an effort to cover a budget deficit. According to a report from Russian news agency Tass, the government transferred $6 billion from the reserve fund to cover a gap in the budget, thus depleting the fund by 18 percent from August. In April and May, the government pulled $6 billion from the fund each month to cover the deficit. A July report from the International Monetary Fund said the Russian economy would remain in recession through the remainder of 2016 because of lower oil prices and sanctions imposed by Western powers in response to the Kremlin`s stance on crises in Ukraine. Economists at the IMF said Russia was moving through a fiscal adjustment period that started in 2015, though there are prospects for "modest" recovery starting in 2017.
04.10.2016 18:30 IMF warns of protectionist threat to global growth
The IMF on Tuesday left its global economic forecasts unchanged into 2017 but called governments to action against the threats of low growth and protectionism. Global output is expected to grow this year at a rate of 3.1 per cent before rising to 3.4 percent next year, estimates that are unchanged from July, according to the International Monetary Fund. But the Fund downgraded forecasts both for growth in global trade volume and for advanced economies` output, saying that prospects for richer countries had darkened this year. "It is vitally important to defend the prospects for increasing trade integration," said IMF chief economist Maurice Obstfeld. "Turning back the clock on trade can only deepen and prolong the world economy`s current doldrums." The IMF notably cut its growth forecast for the United States, the world`s largest economy, but upgraded those for Japan and the Eurozone.
03.10.2016 11:50 Russia is preparing for $40 oil for a long time
Fourty Dollar Oil ? The Russian economy is slowly recovering from its oil and sanctions-induced coma, but reforms to encourage long-term economic growth are still not a priority; that`s according to a new research report from Morgan Stanley. Some Morgan Stanley analysts and economists recently visited Russia to try and get some idea of where the country is heading financially over the next few years. Analysts visited the CBR, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Economy, as well as the IMF and a broad range of market experts. Discussions were centred on the growth outlook, the upcoming 2017-19 budget plan, the CBR`s vision of monetary policy and the political outlook.
01.10.2016 06:14 Russian economy likely to contract this year, expand next
The affirmed preliminary data of Russias second quarter GDP growth showed that the economy contracted 0.6 percent year-on-year, as compared with a 1.2 percent contraction in the first quarter. According to the details published, the agricultural sector grew 2 percent annually, while manufacturing, mining and quarrying rose 0.3 percent year-on-year. On the other hand construction contracted 9.5 percent annually, whereas wholesale and retail declined 1.2 percent. The preliminary seasonally adjusted data for the month of August indicated that the Russian economy grew 0.3 percent sequentially, the first growth since September 2015. The economy is expected to shrink 0.6 percent year-on-year for the whole of 2016, given the Brent year average of USD 48.6/bl, noted Danske Bank in a research report. For the next year, Russias GDP is expected to expand 1.2 percent, added Danske Bank.
29.09.2016 13:38 EU sanctions hurting Russian firms, US says
EU and US economic sanctions are draining money from some Russian companies and from its state aid fund, according to US research. The sanctions have, over the past two years, wiped out one third of the operating profit, half of the assets, and one third of the staff in some targeted Russian firms, a new study by the US state department said. Russian oil firms, such as Rosneft have no access to short-term credit or high-end technology. Russia`s foreign reserve fund, which is being used to prop up affected companies, is due to run dry in early 2017 at the current rate of spending, it also found. It said that low oil prices and shoddy management were bigger factors in Russia`s economic decline. But it said sanctions also caused uncertainty, prompting some investors to “derisk” by abandoning Russia, even if investments had no direct link to Western blacklists.
27.09.2016 13:30 WTO lowers global trade growth to 1.7% this year
The World Trade Organization has for the third time lowered its global trade growth forecast for this year to 1.7 per cent, stating that this slowdown is "serious" and should serve as a "wake-up call" for nations. "World trade will grow more slowly than expected in 2016, expanding by just 1.7 per cent, well below the April forecast of 2.8 per cent," according to the latest WTO estimates released today. In September 2015, the WTO estimated that global trade would rise by 3.9 per cent in 2016. It lowered that projection to 2.8 per cent and now to 1.7 per cent. Slowing world trade will have implications for India, which has been witnessing decline in exports. Its outbound shipments are in the negative zone since December 2014. The WTO said: "The contraction was driven (not only) by slowing GDP and trade growth in developing economies such as China and Brazil but also in North America, which had the strongest import growth of any region in 2014-15, but has decelerated since then."